A REVIEW ON HEALTH EFFECTS AND REGULATIONSTOWARDS SMOKING HABITS AMONG THE INDIAN CONSUMERS

Dr. Deepak Agrawal Ashish Agrawal

Abstract


Every 31st May we celebrate the World No-Tobacco Day highlighting the health risks associated with tobacco use and the need for strengthening effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption.Initially tobacco was introduced in India by Portuguese merchants’ during 1600 AD. Today the India is the world’s second largest producer and third largest consumer in the world. Smoking is associated with several negative externalities by the market participants. Tobacco is a leading preventable cause of death, killing nearly 60 lacs people worldwide and about 12 lacs deaths in India. Ahead the health consequences of smoking result in huge health care expenses mostly paid from public funds collected through tax revenues. An increase in the prevalence of cigarette use among Indian youth in the last decade of the twentieth century emphasis of government policies aimed at discouraging smoking among the young generation. Youth the most effective group to target for smoking most prevention programs are associated with youth smoking. Cigarette market interventions that result from these policies cover a wide range of areas. The most significant among them are COTPA (Cigarette and other Tobacco Product act) 2003. A lot of attention is paid to enforcement and inspection strategies.Prior research provides mixed evidence on the impact of cigarette prices and public policies on youth cigarette smoking. The present study tries to analyse the existing laws and their implication towards the anti-smoking drive in the country. The outcome of the study suggests besides the existence of the law there is lacuna in its implementation. The government should enforce forcefully to overcome the social evil.

Keywords: Smoking; Anti- smoking; COTPA; WHO


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References


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